Slow Food Slow Food Donate Slow Food Join Us
Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

Press Area  |  Italian  Italian

Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

Milk Breed

Sheep and Goat

1 - The breed whose milk is used to produce Presidium cheese does not have to be a native
breed (although Slow Food always encourages the reintroduction of native breeds wherever possible), but does have to belong to a breed adapted to the environment and geographical area defined by the Presidium production protocol. The cheese must be solely made using milk from the animals owned by the Presidium producer. Slow Food will only grant exemptions from
these rules if appropriate justifications are provided.

2 - The individual animals raised must be registered in the breed register or in the registry office register maintained by the appropriate breeders' association (if applicable), which will perform the relevant controls. Each individual must be identifiable by a progressive number attached to its ear.

3 - The animals must be raised free range or semi-free range and observing conditions which respect their welfare and meet minimum hygienic standards within shelter buildings. Buildings and shelters must be of appropriate size and the flooring must be solid (with shavings, straw or other material as litter) and not slatted.
The maximum density of animals must not exceed 13 per hectare
The environmental microclimate (temperature, humidity, illumination, wind speed, dust, harmful gas) must be kept under control.

4- The basic diet for lambs and kids is natural milk, preferably maternal milk. It is therefore expected that there will be only partial use of reconstituted milk. Weaning cannot occur before 45 days.

5 - It is essential that animals have adequate access to pasture grazing over the year, subject to the constraints of soil and climate conditions. This ensures they can satisfy their nutritional requirements and avoid adverse atmospheric pollution.

6 - Feed must be based on natural products which do not involve the use of urea, silage, animal meal (meat, fish or milk), simple or compound feed made, even partially, with genetically modified organisms, any kind of additive, industrial processing waste as well as any products prohibited by law.
For supplementing the diet of free-range animals it is possible to use hay from permanent pastures (at least 20% of the supplementary diet) and concentrates based on corn, barley, fava beans, field beans, field peas, triticale, bran and wheatgerm.

7 - For therapeutic medical treatment, preference should be given to herbal and homeopathic products, whilst antibiotic and conventional veterinary medicines should only be used with a veterinary prescription and when there are no other effective remedies or when such treatments are essential to avoid suffering and discomfort to the animal.
If conventional veterinary drugs have to be used, it is necessary to clearly state: the type of product (indicating the active ingredients and commercial name), and details of the diagnosis, dosage, method of administration, and duration of treatment. The time between ending medication and slaughter must be double the minimum required by law.
Animals that have received treatment must be clearly identified.
It is not permitted to use substances to stimulate growth or production (including antibiotics, coccidiostatics and artificial growth stimulants) or to use hormones or similar substances to control reproduction (e.g. in order to induce or synchronize estrus) or for other purposes.
Only vaccinations permitted by law may be carried out.

8 - Mutilation and other similar operations are not permitted.
Shearing should be carried out when climate conditions are favorable.

9 - It is necessary to comply with all regulations regarding traceability of milk. Producers must be familiar with all animal welfare requirements.
Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus | Partners Regione Toscana Regione del Veneto

Slow Food - P.IVA 91008360041 - All rights reserved

Powered by blulab