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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus
 

Native Meat Breeds

Sheep and Goats



1 - The breed produced by the Presidium must be native to the area concerned and must have been bred locally for many decades.

2 - The individual animals raised must be registered in the breed register or in the registry office register maintained by the appropriate breeders’ association (if applicable), which will perform the relevant controls. Each animal must be identifiable by a progressive number attached to its ear.

3 - The animals must be raised free range or semi-free range and observing conditions which respect their welfare and meet minimum hygienic standards within shelter buildings. Stabling may be permitted—at some times of the year—if appropriately justified. Buildings and shelters must be of appropriate size and the flooring must be solid (with shavings, straw or other
material as litter) and not slatted. The environmental microclimate (temperature, humidity, illumination, wind speed, dust, harmful gas) must be kept under control. It is always necessary to follow the traditional methods used for each breed.

4 – The maximum number of animals per hectare must not exceed 13

5 - Feed must be based on natural products which do not include the use of urea, silage, animal meal (meat, fish or milk), simple or compound feed made, even partially, with genetically modified organisms, any kind of additive, industrial processing waste as well as any
products prohibited by law.
For supplementing the diet of grazing animals it is possible to use hay from permanent pastures (at least 20% of the supplementary diet) and concentrates based on corn, barley, broad beans, field beans, field peas, triticale, bran and wheatgerm.
Kids and lambs must not be weaned before 45 days old.

6 - For therapeutic medical treatment, preference should be given to herbal and homeopathic products, whilst antibiotic and conventional veterinary medicines should only be used with a veterinary prescription and when there are no other effective remedies or when such treatments are essential to avoid suffering and discomfort to the animal concerned. If
conventiona l veterinary drugs are used it is necessary for a veterinary prescription to be obtained and archived with specific information about the product (active ingredients and commercial name), diagnosis, dosage, method of administration, and duration of treatment
never less than required by law. Animals that have received treatment must be clearly identified. The time between ending medication and slaughter must be double the minimum required by law.
It is not permitted to use substances to stimulate growth or production (including antibiotics, coccidiostatics and artificial growth stimulants) or to use hormones or similar substances to control reproduction (e.g. in order to induce or synchronize estrus) or for other purposes. Only vaccinations permitted by law may be carried out.

7 - Mutilation and other similar operations are not permitted, except for castration. Shearing should be carried out when climatic conditions are favorable.

8 - Lambs and kids must not be slaughtered before 60-70 days of age. It is not permitted to slaughter un-weaned lambs.

9 - Animals must be slaughtered within the production area, in public slaughterhouses, or in private facilities that are appropriately equipped and authorized by public health authorities, under the supervision of an official veterinarian and on days designated for slaughtering. In order to prevent stress, particular care should be taken with transport and holding before
slaughter. Rough treatment should be avoided when loading and unloading animals from vehicles, and animals from different farms should not be mixed during transport or while holding.

10 - It is essential to meet all regulations regarding traceability of meat.
Producers must be familiar with all animal welfare standards
It is necessary to adopt voluntary traceability systems, providing the following information on the label:
Identification number (ear tag)
Country of birth
Country where raised (fattened)
Breed
Category
Sex
Age in months
Months of fattening
Business name and production code
Municipality where produced
Date of slaughter
Country of slaughter
Stamp of slaughter facility
Country where cut
Stamp of cutting plant
   
Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus | Partners Regione Toscana Regione del Veneto
 
 
 

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