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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus
 

Native Meat Breed

Pig



1 – The Presidium breed must be native to the area concerned and must have been bred locally for many decades. It is important for the producers to use farming practices which respect the characteristics - space, stabling, timing - that have always been adopted for the Presidium breed.

2 - The individual animals raised must be registered in the breed register or in the registry office register maintained by the appropriate breeders’ association (if applicable), which will perform the relevant controls. Each individual must be identifiable by a progressive number attached to its ear.

3 - The animals should be preferably raised free range or semi-free range and, if stabled (with appropriate justification), must be raised under conditions which respect their welfare and meet minimum hygienic standards within the facility. Animals must not be kept segregated in confined spaces: they must be able to move, and be housed in environments which have a covered resting area with an earth floor, as well as an uncovered area for roaming. Buildings with concrete or grate flooring are not permitted.
Floors must be non-slip and smooth to avoid injury, and must be constructed so animals can stand up or lie down without suffering injury or discomfort. Where methods involve keeping animals outside, shelter from adverse weather conditions must be provided.
There must be an assured continuous supply of water both inside and outside the sty.
Sties must have bedding of dry plant material and be preferably protected from sources of noise which could cause the animals distress.
The air temperature, relative humidity, concentrations of gas, air circulation and quantity of dust must be kept within limits that do not harm the animals.
Pigs must have permanent access to materials which allow them adequate scope for
exploration and stimulation (straw, hay, wood etc) without affecting their health.
The number of animals per hectare must not exceed the amount specified in the organic
production protocol. Nurseries must observe the criteria defined in the organic regulations.

4 – Feed must be based on natural products which do not include the use of urea, silage, simple or compound feed made, even partially, with genetically modified organisms, any kind of additive, industrial processing waste as well as any products prohibited by law. Milk flours are not permitted after weaning.
Supplementary feed for free-range animals can include green fodder and grains based on corn, barley, wheat, bran meal.
Other permitted feed is buttermilk, protein-rich pulse vegetables (broad beans, field beans, field peas), forage beet, Jerusalem artichoke, pumpkin, chestnuts, acorns and other products, vegetables, pulses or cereals from the area.
Piglets must not be weaned before 40 days old. In their second week of life piglets must be provided with grains and forage.

5 - For therapeutic medical treatment, preference should be given to herbal and homeopathic products, whilst antibiotic and conventional veterinary medicines should only be used with a veterinary prescription and when there are no other effective remedies or when such treatments are essential to avoid suffering and discomfort to the animal concerned.
When conventional allopathic medicines are used, it is necessary to clearly specify the type of product (also indicating the active ingredients contained in it) and to give details of the diagnosis; dosage; method of administration and the duration of the treatment. The time between ending medication and slaughter must be double that required by law.
Animals that have received treatment must be clearly identified.
It is not permitted to use substances to stimulate growth or production (including antibiotics,
coccidiostats and artificial growth stimulants), or to use hormones or similar substances to control reproduction (e.g. to induce or synchronize estrus) or for other purposes. Only vaccinations permitted by law may be carried out.

6 – Mutilation and other similar operations are not permitted, except for castration. Castration of males must be performed before the animal is 6 weeks old and may only be done by a veterinarian.

7 - Pigs must not be slaughtered before 12 months of age and must have a dead weight not less than the minimum required by the production protocol for a single animal, respecting the characteristics of different breeds. For non-native pigs the dead weight at slaughter must not be less than 140 kg.

9 – Animals must be slaughtered within the production area, in public slaughterhouses, or in private facilities authorized by public health authorities which are appropriately equipped, under the supervision of an official veterinarian and on days designated for slaughtering. In order to prevent stress, particular care should be taken with transport and holding of animals before slaughter. Rough treatment should be avoided when loading and unloading animals from vehicles, and animals from different farms should not be mixed during transport or while holding.

10 – It is essential to meet all regulations regarding traceability of meat.
   
Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus | Partners Regione Toscana Regione del Veneto
 
 
 

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